The Quechua word Cusco means center of origin, navel. In the Inca cosmic vision this city was the genesis of all that had been created, the center of the world. This is because Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire (Tahuantinsuyo), the beginning and the end of the network of roads extending to the four corners of the Inca world, the four “suyos”. Antisuyo, Chinchaysuyo, Coyasuyo and Contisuyo. The Inca concept of the center of humanity has survived in Cusco in different forms, from the time of the ancient Peruvians to the present day. After the Spanish conquest it was one of the most important cities of the Vice regal Peru and this can be seen from the vast number of valuable religious and civil buildings that, in certain places are erected on top of Inca stone walls, a literal example of the domination established here.
You have to get to know Cusco on foot. The best way is to set aside at least three days for your visit to Cusco to see it without rushing, together with the Inca remains surrounding the city: Sacsayhuaman, Qenqo, Pucapucara and Tambomachay.
THE SOUTHERN ANDES / THE CROWN JEWELS :
They say that Machu Picchu and Cusco are Peru’s crown jewels in allusion to the fact that these magical places combine and fulfill the desires of travelers from all over the world to enter a world where history has left invaluable traces and is also still living. Each year, however, more and more travelers come to Peru for a complete vision of the Andean world, not only its architecture but also its landscape and culture, in the living sense of the word: the traditions, daily life and customs of ancestral communities. Thus a tour of the southern Andes extends to include Arequipa, Colca, Puno and Lake Titicaca.
ALTITUDE AND CLIMATE:
- Elevation: 3400 m.
- Climate: Dry throughout the year, some rain from January to March.
- Daytime maximum temperatures (monthly average): In summer (December to March): 24ºC - In winter (June to September): 20ºC
- Minimum night temperature (monthly average): In summer (December to March): 8 ° C - In winter (June to September): 5 ° C
- Cusco is connected by daily flights with the cities of Lima, Arequipa and Juliaca (Puno). With La Paz in Bolivia, 3 times a week.
- from Lima to Cusco by bus (at night), 19:30 hours.
- from Nazca to Cusco by bus or private vehicle, 10:00 hours
- from Puno to Cusco by bus or private vehicle, 5:00 hours
More informations about Inti raymi or sun party